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Applications of nanomaterials

Nanomaterials are materials that are very minuscule in size, almost billionth of one meter. Owing to their small sizes, they display some highly useful and fascinating properties that can be effectively exploited for all sorts of non-structural and structural applications. Let's go over some of the commonly known applications of nanomaterials:

Applications of nanomaterials in production of cost-effective flat panel displays

It's no news that flat panel displays have a huge demand in the laptop industry. The resolution of these flat panel devices can be greatly enhanced through synthesis of nanocrystalline phosphors. Not just that, their manufacturing costs can also be kept to the minimum this way. Furthermore, the flat-panel displays produced this way, with the help of nanomaterials, have a much higher contrast and brightness, compared to the traditional ones, as they possess improved magnetic and electrical properties.

Nanomaterials applications in creation of automobiles with better fuel efficiency

At present, a lot of gasoline gets wasted owing to its incomplete combustion when it's used by the automobile engines. This contributes significantly to the environmental pollution. Why this happens is because the traditional spark plug isn't designed for complete and efficient burning of the gasoline. The problem gets enhanced due to worn-out or defective spark plug electrodes.

As nanomaterials are more hard, strong, more erosion-resistant and wear resistant, they can be efficiently used in the form of spark plugs. The spark plugs created with nanomaterials last much longer and combust fuel completely and efficiently. Hence, applications of nanomaterials can be seen commonly in this field.

Applications of nanomaterials in production of the next gen computer chips

It's no news that the microelectronics industry has been actively propagating the cause of miniaturization, involving a significant reduction in the sizes of circuits like resistors, transistors and capacitors, for a long time now.

The microprocessors consisting of these components can run much faster and enable computations at amazingly higher speeds if the circuits can be reduced significantly in their sizes. However, this can't be achieved easily because of the drawbacks like poor dissipation of the generated heat, poor reliability, lack of ultrafine precursors for the manufacturing of these components and more.

This is where nanomaterials come into the picture as they help in breaking down these barriers by equipping manufacturers with ultrahigh-purity nanomaterials that have durable interconnections and much better thermal conductivity.

Applications of nanomaterials in production of high definition televisions

Nanomaterials' applications can also be found extensively in the production of high definition televisions. The resolution of any monitor or TV depends extensively on the pixel sizes, which are created from phosphors. These phosphors have the ability of glowing when they're struck by an electron stream inside a CRT (cathode ray tube). The resolution of the television improves in accordance with the corresponding reduction in the size of every pixel (phosphors).

Nano phosphors, a type of nanomaterials can be used for enhancing the resolution of these monitors, while also reducing their production cost considerably.

Nano materials applications in production of harder and stronger cutting tools

Another major area where nanomaterials' applications can be seen pretty commonly is in production of harder and stronger cutting tools. The cutting tools created from nanocrystalline materials like titanium carbide, tungsten carbide and tantalum carbide are comparatively more wear-resistant, durable, erosion-resistant and strong compared to their large-grained traditional counterparts.

The availability of such strong cutting tools enables manufacturers to produce various materials in a much-reduced time, thereby increasing their productivity and reducing their manufacturing costs.

 
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